Periodontitis is a devastating oral condition that affects the gums and surrounding tissues. When periodontitis is left untreated for a long duration, it may become so severe that it would be incurable. Hence, spotting the onset of the disease through its symptoms and getting the necessary treatment is crucial to avoid further complications.
What Causes Periodontitis?
Most cases of periodontitis are caused due to the adhered plaque and tartar deposits on the teeth, especially near the gum line. These deposits release toxins when they feed on the food residues left in the mouth, which decay the soft gum tissues. Some of the other causes are improper oral hygiene, injuries to the gums, root canal disease, etc.
What are the Symptoms of Periodontitis?
- Redness and bleeding of the gum tissues
- Discharge of pus from the infected gums
- Dullness or darkening of the gums
- Receding gum line
- Deeper gum pockets
- Jawbone deterioration
- Loosening of the teeth from their sockets
- Severe bad breath
How Do We Treat Periodontitis?
Treating periodontitis happens in various stages. They are:
Oral Cleaning: The plaque and tartar deposits accumulated near the gum line will be removed using ultrasonic scaling. Further, the tartar deposits on the tooth roots will be released through a process called root planing or deep cleaning. Both these procedures remove the harmful bacteria from the teeth surfaces, thereby preventing the toxins from affecting the tissues and allowing them to heal gradually.
Laser Therapy:The decayed tissues have to be removed to keep them from spreading the infection to the surrounding tissues. Earlier, it was carried out through a surgical procedure. But, the advancements in dental technology have allowed us to remove decayed tissues through laser therapy. We use a dental laser beam for this process, which will vaporize the tissues and seal the wound underneath.
Medication: Antibiotic medication, such as Arestin, can treat the infection and get rid of the microbes. The medicine may be placed under the gums or in the form of consumable pills.
Gum Graft:A gum graft is a process of replenishing the volume of gums in case of gum disease. We extract healthy gum tissues from the palate or a different region of the mouth and graft them to the receded area. The newly grafted tissues will be allowed to fuse with the existing ones, for which a healing period of a few months will be suggested.
Our experienced team will help you regain your smile. Please reach out to us on call at (773) 445-1009 or by scheduling an online appointment, and we'll be happy to guide you further.